Wood Species Janka Hardness (in Newtons)
HARDER
Lignum Vitae 19,510
Brazilian Ebony 16,420
Ipe 16,390
Cumaru 15,470
Ebony 14,300
Golden Teak 10,400
Merbau 8,560
Hickory 8,100
Rosewood 7,900
Black Locust 7,600
Pear 7,380
Honey Locust 7,030
European Yew 6,760
European Ash 6,580
European Beech 6,460
Sugar Maple 6,450
White Oak 6,000
White Ash 5,870
American Beech 5,780
Yellow Birch 5,610
Silver Birch 5,360
Larch 5,300
Teak 5,140
English Oak 5,000
Blackheart Sassafras 4,860
Sycamore Maple 4,680
Burmese Teak 4,600
Black Walnut 4,500
Red Maple 4,230
Cherry 4,200
London Plane 4,180
Red Elm 3,830
English Elm 3,620
Parana Pine 3,610
Mahogany 3,600
Sycamore 3,430
Southern Yellow Pine 3,100
Douglas Fir 2,900
Sassafras 2,800
Alder 2,600
Scots Pine 2,420
American Chestnut 2,400
Poplar 2,400
Western Hemlock 2,400
Sitka Spruce 2,270
Eastern Hemlock 2,220
Lodgepole Pine 2,140
Redwood 2,000
Western White Pine 1,900
Eastern White Pine 1,700
Norway Spruce 1,680
Atlantic White Cedar 1,560
Quaking Aspen 1,560
Western Red Cedar 1,560
Northern White Cedar 1,420
Balsa 440
SOFTER