Roof Maintenance and Repair Guide:
EPDM Rubber Roofing:
How to Repair a Punctured Membrane
Roof Online Staff
Last updated September 13, 2020
What You Will Need:*
- or -
Caulk Gun (See on Amazon)
Cleaning Brush, Soft-Bristled (See on Amazon)
Paint Brushes (See on Amazon)
Scissors, Heavy-Duty (See on Amazon)
- Seam Roller, Handheld (See on Amazon)
How to Do It:
EPDM Repair: Membrane Punctures
Repair a puncture in an EPDM membrane with a piece of EPDM membrane or EPDM cover tape. The repair must extend a minimum of 3 inches beyond the edge of the hole in all directions. Cut an appropriate-sized piece of EPDM membrane or EPDM tape. Round all corners of the repair piece with scissors or shears. (Example: Even a pinhole will require a 6” x 6” patch.)
Clean the Membrane
When repairing a membrane which has been in service for some time, it is absolutely vital that you remove the accumulated field dirt. It is very common to see failed EPDM repairs, even when they were done by professional roofers, due to the old membrane not being cleaned or not being cleaned thoroughly enough. Proper membrane preparation is accomplished by first scrubbing the membrane with a soft-bristled scrub brush (do NOT use a steel brush) and warm soapy water, then rinsing with clear water. Repeat this process until the dirt is gone, and then dry the area with a clean cotton rag. Then clean the area again using weathered membrane cleaner. A second cleaning with weathered membrane cleaner is often necessary. Apply EPDM splice primer to the clean area and allow it to dry.
(Note: If you are using a self-adhering peel-and-stick EPDM patch or tape, you can skip the first three steps.)
Prepare the Splice Adhesive and Apply it with a Brush:
Thoroughly stir the splice adhesive before and during use. Apply the splice adhesive using a 3-inch- or 4-inch-wide by 1/2-inch-thick solvent-resistant paint brush in a thick, even, smooth coat with long, painting-style strokes, such that brush marks bleed out, yielding a smooth, glossy adhesive surface. Apply splice adhesive to both mating surfaces at about the same time, so as to allow approximately the same drying time. Do not use a circular motion to apply the splice adhesive. Do not use paint rollers or spray equipment to apply the splice adhesive!
Apply Extra Adhesive at Cross Seams:
If your patch intersects a field seam (between installed sheets) or a factory seam (within a single manufactured sheet), make one short back stroke at each seam your patch crosses to apply extra adhesive at the step-off.
Test Splice Adhesive for Readiness:
Allow the splice adhesive to flash off. Touch the adhesive surface in the middle of the area to be patched to be certain that the adhesive does not come off and stick to your finger. As you are touching the adhesive, push lightly straight down to check for stringing, and also push forward on the adhesive at an angle. If either motion exposes wet or stringy adhesive when you lift your finger, then it is not yet ready for mating and needs more time. Flash-off time will vary depending on the temperature and humidity of the ambient air.
Set the Patch (Using Applied Adhesive):
Lightly position the patch over the prepared membrane area. Starting at one edge, allow the patch to fall slowly and loosely onto the area with a rolling motion, without stretching or wrinkling the patch.
Set the Patch (Using a Peel-and-Stick Patch):
Place the patch onto the prepared area. Firmly hold one edge of the patch in place with one hand. With the other hand, starting from the edge that you are holding, slowly pull off the release film/paper, allowing the patch to settle loosely onto the prepared area as you go. Keep the patch as close to the roof membrane as you can to prevent wrinkling.
Apply Pressure and Roll the Patch:
Apply pressure along the entire area of the patch by hand to completely mate the two surfaces. Using a handheld seam roller, roll the entire patch with firm, heavy pressure going from the center toward the outside edges of the patch.
Wait Before Applying Lap Sealant:
Wait to apply lap sealant at least 4 hours after applying the patch, unless rain is coming. If rain is likely, the lap sealant must be applied before the rain starts. If weather is not an issue, the lap sealant must be applied no later than the end of the following day. Try to make the repair on a day when rain is not in the forecast.
Clean the Edge of the Patch:
Clean the edges of the patch a minimum of 1 inch on each side of the edge itself using clean cotton rags and weathered membrane cleaner. Apply splice primer to this area and allow to dry.
Apply Lap Sealant:
Using a standard caulking nozzle/gun, apply a thick, continuous bead of lap sealant, about 3/8-inch wide, centered on the exact edge of the patch. Smooth down the sides of the bead of lap sealant immediately, taking care to leave the sealant very thick directly over the lap edge.