1. General: The Adhesive Wikipedia entry is definitely worth taking a look at for a comprehensive overview.
3. Insulation Adhesive: "JM Two-Part Urethane Insulation Adhesive". See this product data sheet at the Johns Manville website for information about a typical insulation adhesive used on low-slope roofs. This is only an example and other products and brands may be different.
4. Modified Bitumen: "Cold-Applied Adhesives for Modified Bitumen Membrane Roofing" is a basic overview put together by the Roof Coatings Manufacturers Association.
5. Tile Roofs: "A Solution for Tile Roofs: Polyurethane Foam Roofing Adhesives" is an excellent introduction to the use of adhesives in the securement of tile roofs. Available at the Ron Blank & Associates website.