The following table provides the approximate weight per linear foot of the various sizes of dimensional, or structural, lumber used in building construction in North America. The table provides the weight of lumber produced from three commonly used tree species: Sitka Spruce, Douglas Fir, and Southern Yellow Pine. 

A stack of dimensional lumber.

A stack of dimensional lumber.

For help figuring out the weight of green or oven-dry lumber, to read more about how these weights are calculated, or to see an extensive list of the weights of other types of wood, see "Weights of Various Woods Grown in the United States" from the Forest Products Laboratory, United States Forest Service.

The values given in the table are meant to provide a general idea of typical lumber weights, and should not be used if precise values are needed for critical engineering calculations. When precision is necessary, always refer to the specification sheet for the actual, specific product you intend to use, or contact the technical department of the producer.

See dimensional lumber at the Home Depot.* The approximate weights of the actual pieces of lumber for sale are often given in the product descriptions, so this can be a pretty good resource for calculating lumber weights. Home Depot will also deliver lumber to your home, by the way.

Weight of Dimensional Lumber
Nominal Dimensions of Lumber Actual Dimensions of Lumber Air Dried Lumber Weight

(12% Moisture Content)

Sitka Spruce
Air Dried Lumber Weight

(12% Moisture Content)

Douglas Fir
(Coastal Type)
Air Dried Lumber Weight

(12% Moisture Content)

Southern Yellow Pine (Longleaf)
28 pounds per cubic foot (12"x12"x12") 34 pounds per cubic foot (12"x12"x12") 41 pounds per cubic foot (12"x12"x12")
2.33 pounds per board foot (12"x12"x1") 2.83 pounds per board foot (12"x12"x1") 3.41 pounds per board foot (12"x12"x1")
Dimensions In Inches Dimensions In Inches
1 x 2 0.75 x 1.5 0.22 lbs per linear foot 0.27 lbs per linear foot 0.32 lbs per linear foot
1 x 3 0.75 x 2.5 0.36 0.44 0.53
1 x 4 0.75 x 3.5 0.51 0.62 0.75
1 x 6 0.75 x 5.5 0.80 0.97 1.17
1 x 8 0.75 x 7.25 1.10 1.34 1.61
1 x 10 0.75 x 9.25 1.35 1.64 1.98
1 x 12 0.75 x 11.25 1.64 1.99 2.40
2 x 3 1.5 x 2.5 0.73 0.89 1.07
2 x 4 1.5 x 3.5 1.02 1.24 1.49
2 x 6 1.5 x 5.5 1.60 1.94 2.34
2 x 8 1.5 x 7.25 2.11 2.56 3.09
2 x 10 1.5 x 9.25 2.70 3.28 3.95
2 x 12 1.5 x 11.25 3.28 3.98 4.80
2 x 14 1.5 x 13.25 3.86 4.69 5.65
2 x 16 1.5 x 15.25 4.45 5.40 6.52
3 x 4 2.5 x 3.5 1.70 2.06 2.49
3 x 6 2.5 x 5.5 2.67 3.24 3.91
3 x 8 2.5 x 7.25 3.52 4.27 5.15
3 x 10 2.5 x 9.25 4.50 5.46 6.59
3 x 12 2.5 x 11.25 5.47 6.64 8.01
3 x 14 2.5 x 13.25 6.44 7.82 9.43
3 x 16 2.5 x 15.25 7.41 9.00 10.85
4 x 4 3.5 x 3.5 2.38 2.89 3.49
4 x 6 3.5 x 5.5 3.74 4.54 5.48
4 x 8 3.5 x 7.25 4.93 5.99 7.22
4 x 10 3.5 x 9.25 6.30 7.65 9.23
4 x 12 3.5 x 11.25 7.66 9.30 11.22
4 x 14 3.5 x 13.25 9.02 10.95 13.21
4 x 16 3.5 x 15.25 10.38 12.60 15.20
6 x 6 5.5 x 5.5 5.88 7.14 8.61
6 x 8 5.5 x 7.25 7.75 9.41 11.35
6 x 10 5.5 x 9.25 9.89 12.01 14.48
6 x 12 5.5 x 11.25 12.03 14.61 17.62
6 x 14 5.5 x 13.25 14.17 17.21 20.75
6 x 16 5.5 x 15 16.04 19.48 23.49
8 x 8 7.25 x 7.25 10.22 12.41 14.97
8 x 10 7.25 x 9.25 13.04 15.83 19.09
8 x 12 7.25 x 11.25 15.86 19.26 23.22
8 x 14 7.25 x 13.25 18.68 22.68 27.35
8 x 16 7.25 x 15 21.15 25.68 30.97
8 x 18 7.25 x 17 23.97 29.11 35.10
10 x 10 9.25 x 9.25 16.64 20.21 24.37
10 x 12 9.25 x 11.25 20.23 24.57 29.62
10 x 14 9.25 x 13.25 23.83 28.94 34.89
10 x 16 9.25 x 15 26.98 32.76 39.51
10 x 18 9.25 x 17 30.58 37.13 44.78
12 x 12 11.25 x 11.25 24.61 29.88 36.04
12 x 14 11.25 x 13.25 28.98 35.19 42.44
12 x 16 11.25 x 15 32.81 39.84 48.04